In Search of My Alford Ancestors
By Hugh Edwin Alford
Copyright @ 2000 Alford American Family Association, Inc.
This series of articles by Hugh Edwin Alford was first published after the
author's death in Tressie Bowman's ALFORD FAMILY
BULLETIN in two segments in the 1970s. The Alford American Family Association
published it again in its quarterly, AAFA ACTION,
in five parts as provided below. The author never published during his lifetime
beyond copies to associates, relatives, etc. and by
photocopy from some of the local libraries in Pike Co. MS.
"About the Author" and his "Introduction" will tell you
about why Hugh Edwin did this work. In the mid 1980's the association
contacted Mrs. Hugh Edwin Alford, who still resided in Washington, D.C., to
see if she knew of the whereabouts of Mr. Alford's notes
and working papers. She was quick to advise that she did not and that she was
not interested in the genealogy of our southern
The series consists of the following sections:
Part One, Published in September 1991
About the Author
Part Two, Published in December 1991
ONE -- origin of the Alford name
TWO -- Alfords of Somerset, England
THREE -- Alford Migrants to New England
Part Three, Published in March 1992
FOUR -- Alfords of Virginia
FIVE -- English Records
SIX -- Alfords of New Kent County, Virginia
Part Four, Published in June 1992
SEVEN -- Alfords of North Carolina
EIGHT -- Julius Alford of New Kent County born 1717
NINE -- Jacob Alford, son of Julius
Part Five, Published in September 1992
TEN -- Jacob's migration to Louisiana
ELEVEN -- Edwin Barksdale Alford
TWELVE -- Warren Jackson Alford
THIRTEEN -- Julius C. Alford b. 1855
FOURTEEN -- Hugh Edwin Alford
FIFTEEN -- Conclusion
About the Author
HUGH EDWIN ALFORD was born July 31, 1897, on a farm in Pike County, Mississippi,
the tenth child in a family of
twelve. By present standards, he was brought up in poverty; but at that time,
his parents were in above average
circumstances. They owned a farm of several hundred acres and produced practically
all needed food, and enough
cottonas a money cropto complete fulfillment of their needs, pay
taxes, and assist in the support of school and
His early years were uneventful. Although bright and studious, he was timid
before those considered above him and
before those of the opposite sex. He spent much time reading, and, during his
entire life, has been an ardent student.
He attended a one-teacher school, and was considered above average in scholastic
work. He completed his public
school education at the age of fifteen and entered the Preparatory Department
of Mississippi Agricultural and
Mechanical Collegenow Mississippi State Collegeand at completion
of his "prep" year, entered on his first year
college work. During this year, he made a very poor showing in academic studies
and during the Spring Term had to
leave school due to serious illness. He went back to his parents home
and worked on the farm while nature restored
At the outbreak of the First World War, Hugh Edwin enlisted in the Second Infantry,
Mississippi National Guards, but
was not accepted into Federal Service because of frail health and underweight.
However, in September, 1918, he
re-enlisted in the Students Army Training Corp, United States Army, at Mississippi
College, Clinton, Mississippi, as a
private4457502; and, at the end of the conflict, was given an honorable
He immediately re-entered Mississippi College, and, in May, 1919, was called
home on account of the terminal illness
of a younger sister. Following her death, he joined an older brother in Washington,
D. C., where he secured a Civil
Service appointment to a position, as Clerk, in the Office of the Chief Post
Office Inspector, Post Office Department.
Hugh Edwin progressed through grades and positions in the Post Office Department
to that of Administrative Assistant
to the Chief Postal Inspector. From this assignment he was appointed a Post
Office Inspector, September 30, 1930,
and served with distinction in Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia,
West Virginia and on special assignment in
the Headquarters of the Postal Inspection Service under the Chief Post Office
During the fall of 1919, he met another government employee, Elsie A. Bissig,
daughter of Joseph and Anna Bissig, of
Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin, and they were married September 11, 1920 in Chicago,
Illinois. They had one son, Earl
Vernon, born June 10, 1921. This son died, October 24, 1936.
On August 1, 1941, Hugh Edwin was called to Active Duty as a Major0702107Military
Intelligence, Army of the
United States, and was assigned to the Office of Civilian Censorship. His Active
Duty Service consisted mainly of duty
as a Liaison Officer between the Office of Censorship and the Post Office Department
and entailed much travel, both
foreign and domestic. He was relieved of Active Duty in the Army, December 31,
1944, and his Army Service
terminated with the Rank of Colonel, Military Intelligence.
Following release from Active Duty in the Army, he reentered the Postal Service
as an aide to a Bureau Chief and was
subsequently promoted to Director, Division of Budget and Administrative Services
in one of the Departmental
During his entire career, before and after Military Service, Hugh Edwin pursued
studies and educational courses in
Business Administration, Public and Personnel Administration, qualifying in
Accountancy, Auditing and Management,
Budgeting, Organization and Methods. Since his retirement from the Postal Service,
December 31, 1956, he has
engaged in research, reading and other hobbies. He is a Baptist, a Mason and
an all-around American, with a great
love for his Country, his home, and his fellow man.
He is now in his 75th year, and lives with his devoted wife at 4000 Massachusetts
Avenue, N. W., Washington, D. C.
While the main objective of the author has been tracing his own ancestors,
research into the History of the Alford
Family has been extensive. Branches of the family are located in practically
every section of the United States and in
many sections of Eastern Canada. The number that migrated to the Colonies and
the time of such migration could not
be determined. However, attempt has been made to research all migrants that
could have been related to the author.
Sources of information researched in preparing this history include:
The Library of the Nation Genealogical Society, Washington, D.C.
The Library of the National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution,
The Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
The National Archives, Washington, D.C.
Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi and Louisiana State Records.
Magazines and other publications carrying items pertinent to the family.
Available pertinent information, collected by others, has been utilized and
much time has been devoted to early
Colonel Wilfred E. Lessard, (now deceased) following his retirement from the
United States Army, spent much time
and effort in developing records of descendants of Jacob and Frankie Alford,
who migrated to Pike County, Mississippi
during 1807. The records compiled by Colonel Lessard have been made available
to the author by his wife, Kate, a
grand-daughter of Jesse Alford, a brother of the authors father. Without
these records, this history would have been
No Genealogical History extending as far back as this record can be vouched
for in its entirety, as many informational
sources are obscure, doubtful, or vague, leaving little but assumptions and
conclusions predicated on available
In this research the author has failed to find supporting facts for some claims
made by others, and in some instances,
has found evidence counteracting such claims. No doubt that future research
will raise questions as to the validity of
conclusions in this history. Comments and supported corrections are invited.
The author has tried to give known facts
as such, to indicate variances in records where they exist, and to make it clear
when assumptions and guess are
substituted for factual records.
ORIGIN OF THE ALFORD NAME: The Alford name is of ancient English origin, dating
back to the Eleventh Century.
There have been numerous claims and beliefs as to its beginning, one being that
it is a derivative of ALFORD the
GREAT, King of Wessex, 871900, but there is little to substantiate any
of these claims as fact.
In his version, which seems most logical, English Cannon J. G. Alford says
the name is Saxon, rather than Norman,
and came into being near Chester, England in the Eleventh Century.
At that time "OLD" was spelled "ALDE", and "ALDEFORD"
was an Old Ford across the River Dee, above Chester.
Ricardus, Dominus de Aldeford(Lord of the Ford)commanded the Old
Ford. Changes in the spelling of the name
and control of the Stationnot a direct line of descentare indicated:
Richard (Ricardus) Dominus de Aldeford.
Rudulf de Aldeford.
Henry de Aldeford.
Robert de Aldeford. (Descendant of "BIGOT" who came over with William
the Conqueror. He was knighted in
Ricardus, Lord of Aldeford, 1200.
ALFORDS OF SOMERSET ENGLAND: The Alford name appears in the Somerset, England
records beginning about
1200. Their connections with the Alford Castle in Cheshire appears to be clear
and distinct. The migrants to Somerset,
who later became the forebears of the American Alfords, progressed and prospered,
becoming land owners from
about 1560, while those who remained in Cheshire gradually died out or sank
A John Alford, born in Somerset 1475-85, had a son, Reverend Alexander of Whitestaunton,
Somerset, born 1500-20
and died 1576; his wife Agnes died 1578. Reverend Alexander had, according to
English records, four sonsWilliam,
John, Bartholomew and Solomon. The sequence of their birth is unknown. One of
the sons was the father of Thomas
Vague records indicate that Thomas and his wife, Joan Hawkins Alford, Whitestaunton,
Somerset, had three
childrenBenedict, Joan and Alexander. Thomas must have died prior to 1636,
as records indicate that Joan Alford, a
widow, died May 27, 1636. There is record of a will dated May 5, 1627, of Thomas
Alford naming his wife Joan and
daughter Joan as beneficiaries.
As to the Alfords in England and particularly Somerset in the Sixteenth and
Seventeenth Centuries, there are records
of numerous given or first names identical with those of individual migrants
to the American Colonies about this time.
Among those are "William and John".
While no connection has been established between the Alfords reported to have
come to New England between 1630
and 1640, and those migrating to Virginia -forebears of the writera
brief reference is made to fulfill the process of
ALFORD MIGRANTS TO NEW ENGLAND: Legend has it, partially borne out by records,
that Benedict, Joan and
Alexanderchildren of Thomas and Joan Hawkins Alfordleft England
in 1634 aboard the Good Ship Mary an John
and settled at Windsor, Connecticut. This is disputed by some who claim that
Windsor was settled in 1635 by a party
from Dorchester, Massachusetts, many of whom came over on the Mary and John.
The Alford name is not recorded in
this party and it does not appear on the roster of the Mary and John, neither
does it appear in the early Dorchester
The first record of "Benedict Alford" in New gland was in 1637 when
he volunteered, with 36 others, to engage in a fight
with the Indians. Apparently, he returned to England, as records show that he
executed a document there in 1639. He
married Jane Newton, of the English Nurton Family in Windsor, Connecticut on
November 16, 1640. This record of his
marriage in Connecticut in 1640 established. His return to the Colonies in 1639
Alexander Alford: (Alvord) born in Whitestaunton, Somerset, in 1627, first
appears on records of New England in 1645
when he married a Vare. He began spelling his name Alvord immediately upon arrival
in Connecticut and supposedly
all Alvords in America today are descendants of Alexander. Joan Alford, born
in Whitestaunton in 1622, appears first in
the New England records in 1646, when she married a Fowler.
There are some grounds for belief that a William Alford, his wife Mary, and
Benedict, Joan and Alexander were related
and jointly involved in this migration; but, no records can be found to establish
this as fact. It is, of course, possible that
William, Mary and Benedict came to America together in or about 1634, and that
Benedict did return to England
following the death of his mother in 1636 to bring Joan and Alexander to this
Country; but no proof of this can be found.
There is proof that William and Benedict were in New England in 1637. There
is no known record to show that Joan
and Alexander were actually in this Country at that time.
Benedict Alford: was born in Whitestaunton, Somerset, England 1619-20, died
April 12, 1683,childrenJonathan,
born June 1, 1645; Benjamin, born July 11, 1647; Josiah, born July 6, 1649;
Elizabeth, born September 21, 1651;
Jeremiah, born December 24, 1655.
Benjamin Alford: son of Benedict, born July 11, 1647, died August 12, 1709
(?), (known as Colonel Benjamin Alford);
wife and descendants are not known. He was of New London, Connecticut. This
Benjamin has been confused with a
Benjamin Alford, son of William, born 1650. The records are not clear and there
is some doubt as to the line of
descent of either one. This Benjamin was reportedly buried in New London, Connecticut.
William Alford: was born in London, England 1608, came with his wife Mary to
Salem, Massachusetts in 1624-5. His
wife joined a church in Salem in 1636. William and Mary had the following children
in Salem: Nathaniel, born 1637;
Samuel, born 1639; Bethia, born 1642; Elisha, Mary and Elizabethdates
of birth not known.
In New Haven, where William moved following a confrontation with the General
Court, he had two or more
childrenincluding Benjamin. Mary must have died, as records indicate that
William and Ann had a son, John, born
November 29, 1658, who died within two months. William died in Boston in 1677.
In his will, dated July 9, 1676, he left
legacies to grandchildren"Children of sons if they are alive",
but mentioned no known living sons indicating a
separation beyond contact.
Benjamin Alford: was born 1650, place not known, supposedly son of William
and Mary. The record of this Benjamin is
confusing as to descent and conflicts with the record of Benjamin, son of Benedict.
He married Mary, daughter of
James and Sarah Richards, Hartford, Connecticut. He was a member of an Artillery
Company in 1671; reportedly, he
came to Boston that year and was a man of importance. In his will probated in
1707, he provided for his widow and
children; namely, Mary, born 1683; John, born 1685; Benjamin, born 1686; Judith,
.born 1688; James, born 1691;
Sarah, born 1694; Thomas, date of birth unknown. Benjamins date of death
is not clear, being confused with that of
Benjamin, son of Benedict. However, his will was probated in 1707, indicating
death before that time.
Honorable Colonel John Alford: elder son of Benjamin, born July 5, 1685, married
Margaret, daughter of Colonel
Thomas Savage, died in Charlestown, Massachusetts, August 31, 1761, at age 76apparently
had no children. He
reportedly inherited his fathers interest in Western New Jersey and was
a man of great wealth, a merchant, member
of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. In 1714, he as one of the Kings
Councillors and was distinguished as
founder of the Alford Professorship of National Theology at Harvard. In his
will, he left a large sum for promotion of the
Gospel among the Indians of America.
James Alford: son of Benjamin, born July 19, 1691supposedly in Boston,
Massachusetts. No record was found of
marriage or children. He was a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery
Company of Massachusetts in 1713-14.
He was elected Constable in Boston in 1721, declined to serve and paid the usual
fine. He was made a 4th Sargeant
in the Artillery Company in 1737.
It has been claimed that this James Alford migrated to Virginia and North Carolina
about 1730, bringing with him great
wealth. This James Alford could not have migrated as claimed. The records clearly
indicate that he was in the Ancient
and Honorable Artillery Company and in Massachusetts in 1737, a century after
Alfords began settling in Virginia.
Neither has it been verified that one of the descendants of James"James
William Zion Alford"participated in the
Battles of Cowpens and Guilford Zion House, as claimed. In fact, no record has
been found of a James William Zion
Alford in available lists of Revolutionary Soldiers. There are records of James
Alford, William Alford and Zion
Alfordthree distinct individuals in North Carolina. This does not necessarily
mean that no record of a James William
Zion Alford does exist, but only that research on the part of the writer has
failed to disclose such. There is a record of a
Private James Alford, reported to have been a Revolutionary Soldier. He was
evidently a son of Lodowick Alford born
May 22, 1741, and married to Lurenor Boykin. Apparently, he died in Georgia
in or about 1812-14. His father, Lodowick,
was the son of James Alford of New Kent County, Virginia.
Another claim that "James William Zion Alford" married Judith Harper,
a daughter of the founder of Harpers Ferry,
West Virginia, has not been established as fact. Harpers Ferry was founded by
Robert Harper in 1737. He had no
children, and none of his kin appear to have had a daughter Judith.
While the Alfords and Alvords of New England multiplied and settled in many
sections of America, there seems to be
no basis for a conclusion that members of the group or their descendants migrated
to the South in any great numbers,
at least during the Seventeenth Century. It is, of course, highly probably that
Alfords from England landed elsewhere in
this Country at about this time. There are vague references that the Alfords
migrated to New Amsterdam County, New
York, that a William Alford came to Virginia from New York, that New Englanders
came to fish in the warm Southern
Waters, married local girls and remained in Virginia; but there is nothing to
connect any of these legends with writers
ALFORDS OF VIRGINIA: In 1619, there were 2,000 white people listed in Virginia.
During the remainder of the
Seventeenth Century, migrants of all classes came to the Colony. Some came "for
the good of the Country"
(supposedly the Country from which they came). Others came as indentured servants,
who agreed to work for
individuals who paid their transportation cost, or on public land for a given
period of time, usually seven years. These
servants received an allotment for their wages until fulfillment of the Indenture
Contract, when they became Land
Owners. Fifty acres was granted freed Indentures and those who paid their own
transportation expenses, and fifty
more acres was granted for each settler a person brought into the Colony. Some
kidnapped children were brought
over as servants. The vast majority of the emigrants were respectable according
In 1618, a ship sailed from England with 90 detached women (First Female Settlers)
and the Sponsoring Company
offered special rewards to the men who married them. It is reported that the
offer of a reward was needless. Shipload
after shipload of these girls sailed and were courted and won by the crowd of
settlers who awaited their arrival.
Roger Smith first came to Virginia in 1616. After three years, he returned
to England, and in 1619, he applied and
received permission to return to Virginia in charge of fifty persons to be tenants
of the Virginia Company's land. In
1621, he was made a provisional counsellor to fifty boysbelieved to be
the migrants he brought over. In 1624, Roger
Smith had a plantation "Over ye waters from James City".
From January 20 to February 7, 16245, a Muster of Inhabitants of Virginia
was taken to determine "How many
Plantations there be, public and private; What people, men, women, and children
be in each Plantation; What Horses;
What Cattle; What Corn; What Fortifications; What Arms; What Boats. . ."
This muster listed, on the plantation of
Roger Smith, "Over ye waters from James City" nine young men, including
Richard Alford, age 26. He must have
come with the Expedition of 1620-21.
Captain Smith married Joan Pierce, daughter of Colonel William Pierce, and
widow of John Rolfe. In his household at
the time of the Muster, there were three detached females: Elizabeth Salter,
Sarah Macoche, orphans of Samuel
Macoche and Elizabeth Rolfe, Smith's stepdaughter.
Richard Alford: born in England, about 1598, date of migrationevidently
with the Roger Smithsto Virginia about
162021. There are indications that he came to Virginia before evidently
as a ships crewmember and returned to
England. In 1625, he gave testimony in a case before the Court at James City,
Virginia, and at a Court in James City,
on January 21, 1626, he was committed prisoner, "At ye Suit of McGill for
500 weight of tobacco".
On November 11, 1626, the Council of General Court, James City, Virginia, authorized
Captain Smithwith a
crewand Captain Mathewswith a crewincluding Richard Alford,
to go trading with the Indians into any part of the
Bay of the Chesapeake, and indicated that the Governor should give them a Commission
for this purpose.
No further record of "Richard Alford" can be found. However, the
records of this section of Virginia were destroyed
during the Civil War. The records of Christs Church Parish, Middlesex County,
Virginia, 1653 to 1812, show that
"Mary", wife of Richard Alford, died in the Parish, May 18, and was
buried May 20, 1706. Also that "Sarah", daughter of
John Alford, and wife Lettice, was baptized at Upper Chapel, on April 7, 1689,
and that "Mary Alford" married John
Penerdgrass, May 2, 1716. It is entirely possible that Richard Alford, of James
City, married (perhaps one of the young
girls named as having been in the Smith Household during the Muster) and settled
in the vicinity, and that the Alfords of
Middlesex County perhaps those of New Kent County, Virginia (to be referred
to later in this history)were his
descendants. This, of course, is only conjecturewithout factual foundation.
ENGLISH RECORDS: The record of the First Settlers in the Colonies of North
America names 1,000 "Servants and
Apprentices" who sailed from Bristol, England to Virginia, Maryland and
other points on the Atlantic Coast between
1654 and 1685. "Servants and Apprentices" is a misnomer, as all classes
were includedsome land gentry, others
farmers, tradesmen, mechanics and laborers. They came under the established
rules governing migrants and
included a large percentage of settlers coming to Virginia during this period.
British Companies, including the
Plymouth, the Virginia and the London Companies, were responsible for settling
this section of Virginia and many
came as indentures to those companies. Some came independently, of course, paying
their own way, and some, not
only paid their own way, but paid the way of servants who they imported.
William Alford: Included in the 1,000 emigrants, referred to as sailing from
Bristol, was a William Alford, date, place of
birth and marital status unknown. He sailed between 1654 and 1663, destinationVirginia.
This William has not been traced after his arrival in Virginia, but a William
Alford witnessed signatures on documents
in Charles City County in 1653 ( a year before the Bristol records began. However,
records of that era are vague and
this could have been the same William). He also witnessed signatures in this
county, twice in 1661, and once in 1662.
A William Alford also witnessed signatures in Isle of Wight County in 1671 and
1672. During this same period, a
"Paddy" of Isle of Wight County was bound to pay William Alford of
Elizabeth City County 1653 pounds of tobacco.
These various transactions in different counties could mean that William Alford
was an employee or representative of
one of the British Companies responsible for importing settlers.
In 1662, Richard Aylife received a grant of 248 acres of land in Northumberland
County, Virginia, for bringing in five
persons, including a William Alford, and in 1670, William Hunt received a grant
of 1150 acres of land for bringing in
twenty-three persons, including a William Alford. This importation was to James
City, Virginia and, of course, occurred
before 1670. A William Alford served on a jury in James City in 1670. A Judgment
was entered against a William Alford
in James City in 1671, and in September of that year, William Alford was ordered
to pay damages.
On March 4, 1675, Robert Gilbert was indicted for the murder of Colonel William
Alford. A jury brought a verdict of
"Homicide by Misadventure". John Hurst married Colonel Alford's widow.
This William was an officer, either in the
British Military Service (of which no record has been found) or an officer in
the Colonial Militia.
From the above, it will be seen that there are records of at least three William
Alfords in Virginia between 1650 and
1700. One was killed in 16745, probably the one imported by William Hunt,
before 1670; another died February 11,
1709 in Saint Peters Parish; and the destiny of the third has not been established.
There are reasons to believe that a
fourth William was in the Colonies, as the records indicate, at least one signature
was witnessed by William Alford
before 1654. If this is correct, this William could have been a descendant of
the Richard Alford who came to James
City in 1620-21.
John Alford: Also included in the 1,000 sailing from Bristol, 16541685,
was a John Alforddate, place of birth, age
and marital status unknown. The date of his sailing is given as between 1654
and 1663. No destination given, although
it from all evidence available, was Virginia. This John and the William reported
above as being among the group could
have been brothers, who sailed at or about the same time from Bristol, and could
have been the ones who died in
Saint Peters Parish in 1709.
A Certificate of Land was granted to John Curtis for 600 acres of land for
the importation of 12 persons including John
Alford and Elizabeth Eyres. This John apparently married Elizabeth Eyres and
settled in Northampton County, Virginia.
They were tried in the General Court and found guilty of disobedience at James
City and were returned to Northampton
High Sheriff's custody for good behavior. This couple apparently migrated and
settled in Maryland.
Another John Alford, included in the list of migrants from Bristol, came to
Virginia between 1663 and 1679. No
information has been found as to his English background and it has not been
possible to trace him in the Colony.
A John Alford was granted 40 acres of land in Warwick County, Virginia, in
1664; and a John Alford brought suit in York
County January 24, 166768 for work performed as a carpenter.
These records indicate that at least three John Alfords came to Virginia between
1654 and 1679. One settled in
Northampton County (later a John Alford appeared in the records of Dorchester
County, Maryland, perhaps the same).
A John Alford died in Saint Peters Parish in 1709 and another in 1726. A fourth
was recorded in the records of
Middlesex County in 1689 and there are records of John Alford dying in North
Carolina in 1690.
There is record of a George Alford in Lower Norfolk County, Virginia in 1658.
There is also a record of an Anthony
Alford being transported to the Colony during 1656. A "Mr." Alford
held the position of Deputy Escheater of Chuckatuck
Parish, Nansemont County (Formerly Upper Norfolk County in 1661). No relationship
between these Alfords has been
established. There is also record of a Thomas Alford in Lower Norfolk County
during this period.
Of the names in the records, John and William dominate, and it is believed
that English records, if available, would
establish family connections and close blood relationship between all the Alfords
who migrated to the American
Colonies, including New England, during the Seventeenth Century. These migrants
to Virginia spread across the
Middle Atlantic and Southern States and by the beginning of the Eighteenth Century
were in great numbers.
ALFORDS OF NEW KENT COUNTY, VIRGINIA: New Kent County, Virginia was formed
from James City and York
Counties in 1654. The Alford name first appears in the county records in 1682
when the Governor made a land grant to
William Alford, et-al of 450 acres on the South side of the York River. In the
same year, a grant of 350 acres was made
to John Alford, et-al; and an additional 150 acres was included in a grant to
John Alford, et-al. Virginia Quit Rent Rolls,
1704, shows John Alford holding 240 acres. A John Alford also held 200 acres
in King and Queen County. It is possible
that the grants were made for importation of others into the Colony. [Gil Alford
comments: In all our collection of
Virginia Alford information I fail to find the 1682 record of William Alford
as cited above. I do find several land
transactions for John Alford in 1682 on the South side of the York River.]
Unfortunately no background information has been found to establish a relationship
between these two Alfords.
Sufficient grounds do exist for assuming that they are the forbears of most
of the Alfords in the Middle Atlantic and
Southern part of the United States. When, under what circumstances and from
what locality they came, has not been
established. Surely, there was blood relationship.
There are two records that can be relied upon concerning New Kent County, more
particularly Saint Peters Parish.
One is the Vestry Book of Saint Peters Parish, New Kent and James City Counties,
1684 to 1786; the other, the Parish
Register of Saint Peters, New Kent County, from 1680 to 1787. At that time,
the Protestant Episcopal Church and its
Vestrymen were the governing body. The Parishes were political subdivisions
and the Vestrymen were empowered to
regulate tithes, process land boundaries and generally look after the affairs
of the Parish.
According to the Vestry Book, John Alford was paid for the care of a Parish
Child in 1682 and again in 1689. In 1689, a
Mr. Alford was named, with others, to procession and remark the boundaries of
each man's land. There are records of
other Vestry actions involving Alfords during the late Seventeenth and early
Eighteenth Centuries. The following
records were taken from the Saint Peters Parish Registry:
Elizabeth Alfordmarried Jacob WinfreyNovember 3,1698.
William AlforddiedFebruary 11, 1709.
John AlforddiedMarch 14, 1709.
Mary Alfordmarried Robert WoodOctober 21, 1711.
James Alfordson of James Alfordborn February 7, 1713.
Grace Alfordmarried Michael HarfieldFebruary 14, 1714.
Higgins Alfordson of John Alfordborn July 9, 1714.
Warren Alfordson of James Alfordbaptized August 28, 1715.
Frances Alforddaughter of John Alfordborn August 4, 1717.
Julius Alfordson of James Alfordborn September, 1717.
Elizabeth Alforddaughter of John Alfordborn July 1, 1719.
Isaac Alfordson of John Alforddied August 31, 1723.
Unity Alforddaughter of John and Grace Alfordborn December 16,
Frances Alforddied April 27, 1726.
John AlforddiedMay 2, 1726.
William Alfordson of Lodowick and Elizabeth Alfordborn July 31,
Elizabeth Alfordwife of Lodowick Alforddied May 29, 1735.
Lucy Alforddaughter of Goodrich and Sarah Alfordborn February 25,
Elizabeth Alforddaughter of Lodowick and Susana Alfordborn December
Jacob Alfordson of Lodowick and Susana Alfordborn December 12,
Susana Alforddaughter of Goodrich and Sarah Alfordborn October
[Gil Alford Comment: Unity Alford had a twin sister, Charity, who
was not fully identified in the St. Peter's Parish Register. Unity
was born 16 Dec at 3 morn and Charity born 16 Dec at noon. There
was a Higins, son of John Axford, Baptized "7br ye 19th, 1714". I
believe Axford should have been Alford. Hugh Edwin apparently was
of the same opinionsee above and below.]
[Editors note: Compare following entries from the Booklist, especially
the notations that Unity and Grace were twins
and year of Graces marriage to Michael Harfieldthere are errors
somewhere. Also note that Jacob has daughter
Hopkins, William Lindsay. SOME WILLS FROM THE BURNED COUNTIES OF VIRGINIA
AND OTHER WILLS
NOT LISTED IN VIRGINIA WILLS AND ADMINISTRATIONS 16321800. Richmond, VA:
William Hopkins, 1987.
Transcription, typed by Pamela Thompson, of all Alford entries (no variations):
John, 106 (will transcription, 1726, New
Kent Co.; daughters Unity, Charity, Elizabeth, and wife Grace).
The National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the State of
Virginia. THE PARISH REGISTER OF SAINT
PETERS, NEW KENT COUNTY, VA. FROM 16801787. Richmond, VA: Wm. Ellis
Jones, 1904; reprint edition,
Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1988. Title page, Introduction, Index, and all the
pages that list Alfords (no variations):
Elizabeth, 52 (m. Jacob Winfrey 1698), 74 (b. 1719, daughter of Jno), 113 (mother
of William), 119 (d. 1735, wife of
Lodowick), 125 (b. 1736, daughter of Lodowick and Susanna); Frances, 54 (d.
1726), 73 (b. 1717, daughter of John);
Goodrich, 126 (father of Lucy), 142 (father of Susanne); Grace, 48 (m. Michael
Harfield, 1727), 54 (owner of a negro
1726), 74 (b. 1724, twin of Unity); Isaac, 53 (d. 1723, son of Jno [John]);
Jacob, 137 (b. 1738, son of Lodowick and
Susanna); James, 10 (b. 1713, son of James; father of James), 73 (father of
Julius); Jno/John, 54 (d. 1726), 61 (his
servant d. 1708), 73 (fathe of Frances), 74 (owner of a negro 1719; owner of
a negro 1721; father of Elizabeth), 75
(owner of a negro 1726); Jno Sr., 53 (d. 1710; father of Isaac); Julius, 73
(b. 1717, son of James); Lodowick, 113
(father of William), 125 (father of Elizabeth), 137 (father of Jacob); Lucy,
126 (b. 1737, daughter of Goodrich and
Sarah); Mary, 52 (m. Robert Wood 1711); Sarah, 126 (mother of Sarah), 142 (mother
of Susanne); Susanna, 125
(mother of Elizabeth), 137 (mother of Jacob); Susanne, 142 (b. 1739, daughter
of Goodrich and Sarah); Unity, 74 (b.
1724, twin of Grace); Warren, 10 (baptized 1715, son of James); William, 53
(d. 1710), 113 (b. 1734, son of Lodowick
Lucas, Silas Emmett, Jr. RESOURCE RECORDS OF PIKE/WALTHALL COUNTIES,
Containing a Complete Reprint of Pike County, Mississippi 17981876, Pioneer
Families and Confederate Soldiers
Reconstruction and Redemption by Luke Ward Conerly; and Miscellaneous Legal
and Family Records Pertaining to
the Areas of Pike and Walthall Counties, Mississippi by E. Russ Williams, Jr.Easley,
SC: Southern Historical Press,
1978. Walthall County was formed from Pike and Marion Counties in 1910. Goodrich,
93 Pt. 2 (son of John Sr., m.
Grace _____, father of Unity, Lucy, Susanna); Grace, 93 Pt. 2 (m. 1726/7 Michael
Harfield in St. Peters Parish, VA);
Jacob, 93 Pt. 2 (son of Lodowick and Susannah, b. 1738 New Kent Co., VA); 9394
Pt. 2 (received grants 1764 in
Robeson Co., NC, probably son of Lodowick, m. Mary Pace, left will in Robeson
Co. 1794 naming children Warren,
Charity, Sion, Elias, James, Lodowick, Wiley); Unity, 93 Pt. 2 (daughter of
Goodrich, b. 1724 New Kent Co., VA)
John Alford: The John Alford, who died in 1726, must have been the son of either
the John or William Alford, who died
in 1709. This John had the following children:
Isaacdate and place of birth not givendied August 21, 1723.
Francesborn August 4, 1717died April 27, 1726.
Elizabethborn July 1, 1719died 1757.
Unityborn December 16, 1724married Clopton.
Charitydate and place of birth not given.
Higginsborn July 9, 1714.
In his will, dated May 1, 1726, and probated June 9, 1726, he named his wife,
Grace, and three daughtersElizabeth,
Unity and Charityas heirs. He was possessed of considerable property.
James Alford: This name appears on the Vestry Register records; first, in 1712
when he was paid for looking after a
Parish Child. There surely was a blood relationship between this James and the
other Alfords in New Kent County
during this period, but such a relationship has not been established. There
are justifiable claims that he was the son of
either John or William Alford, who died in 1709. Based on such claims, research
and personal thinking, it is the writers
conclusion that he, more likely, was the son of William. This James was definitely
one of the principal forbears of the
many Alfords in the South today. He had the following children of record:
Lodowickborn about 170810. (Shown in some records as born in 1715)
Goodrich born about 171012.
James, Jr.born February 7, 1713. (A James Alford died in Fluvania County,
Virginia, May 26,1782. Was
he this James?)
Warrenborn August 15, 1715.
Juliusborn September, 1717.
While neither the Vestry Book nor the Registry reveal information as to the
birth of Lodowick or Goodrich, there are
clear cut indications that they were the sons of James and that they were born
before James, Jr. The records do show
that brothers Lodowick, Julius, Goodrich and James were required to "Tithe"
along the Upper Road in 1725.
[Gil Alford comment: The will of Julius Alford who died November 771 mentioned
his brother Lodwick and Lodwick's
The John and William Alford, reported to have been the recipients of land grants
in New Kent County in 1682, and who
died there in 1709, must have migrated direct from England, rather than descendants
of migrants. The activities of
John in the Parish indicates that he was more public spirited, more prominent
and perhaps more wealthy of the two,
leading to the assumption that he was more likely the father of Elizabeth, who
married in 1698 and John who died in
William's land, according to the grant, was along the south side of the York
River; and, according to my understanding,
the "Upper Road" ran along or near the York, leading to the assumption
that William was the father of James, whose
sons were required to tithe along this road. The location of William's land
along the Upper Road and the requirement
that the brothers tithed along this road seems significant. This James could
well have been born 168090, as he was
first recorded in the records in 1710, when he was paid for looking after a
Parish Child. However, he does not appear
to have been of considerable wealth, and certainly could not have migrated from
New England to North Carolina about
1730. Sufficient to say that his sons, Lodowick, Goodrich, and Juliuswith
their offspringsdid so migrate shortly
after the last Alford record in New Kent County in 1739.
[Gil Alford comment: AAFA researchers have been unable to find the land grant
for William Alford along the south side
of York River, but there was such a grant to John Alford]
ALFORDS OF NORTH CAROLINA: Records before 1700, name the following Alfords
in North Carolina:
John Alford, Albermarle CountyWill dated April 16, 1691, names daughters,
Tibitha and Sarahwith
Charles Jones, father-in-law, Executor.
Joseph Alford, Albermarle CountyWill dated December 6, 1689, names Anna
as Executrix, witness,
Francis Hartley, Albermarle CountyWill dated February 4, 16912,
probated May 2, 1692, names
Susanawife, executrix, and among others, JabusJabezAlford.
John Alford, Sr., died at the home of Colonel Hartley, November 1, 1690.
Charles Jones, Bladen CountyWill dated April 25, 1693, and probated
July 15, 1695, names Sarah and
Thomas Lankton, Tyrell CountyWill dated September 11, 1896 [sic], and
probated September 14, 1695,
names, among others, Jabez Alford.
The relationship between these early North Carolina Alfords and those of Virginia
has not been determined. Neither
has it been determined whether these early Alfords actually migrated to North
Carolina from England direct, or became
North Carolinians by reason of boundary changes between the two states.
The name Alford continued to appear in North Carolina records during the early
Seventeen Hundreds. The
namesLodowick, William, Jacob, Goodrich and Juliusappeared first
about 174050, immediately following their
disappearance from the records of New Kent County, Virginia. The last Alford
record in New Kent County was in 1739;
but the name continued to appear in the records of other sections of Virginia
and bordering states, where many Alfords
are located today, some with firstor givennames indicating a connection.
Lodowick Alford: Born New Kent County, Virginia, about 170810 (some records
indicate 1715); son of James;
married (First) Elizabeth; had one son, William, born July 31, 1734. This William
migrated with his father to North
Carolina and settled in Wayne County. Elizabeth, Lodowick's (first) wife, died
May 29, 1735 in New Kent County,
Virginia. Shortly thereafter Lodowick married his (second) wife, Susana. They
had a daughter, Elizabethborn in New
Kent County, December 22, 1736 (Nothing further learned of this daughter), and
a son, Jacob, born in New Kent
County, December 12, 1738. Jacob also migrated, with his father Lodowick, to
North Carolina and settled in Robeson
County where he died in or about 1794. He had several children and there are
authenticated records of this Jacob and
his family descendants dating back to a Land Grant made to him on April 4, 1764.
He, according to records, was a
soldier in the American Revolution.
Lodowick received a Land Grant in Edgecomb County, North Carolina, October
30, 1753. He was in Captain Simms
Company, Granville County Militia in 1554 [sicshould be 1774]; he was
a member of the North Carolina General
Assembly; and he was a man of prominence in the Colonial Affairs of the State.
He and Susana had a number of other
children including James, born about 1740. A Captain James Alford died in Hancock
County, Georgia on November 6,
1812, age 72perhaps this son. He is also reported to have had a son, Lodowick,
Jr.; altogether he is reported to
have had twenty-one children. His (second) wife Susana, apparently died about
1760, and he married his (third) wife
Actually there are records of several Lodowick Alfords about this time and
there is ample opportunity for confusing
their identity. For instance one record has it that this Lodowick was instrumental
in granting reimbursement to his son
Jameswhile in the General Assemblyfor the loss of currency, burned
during the destruction of the son's home by
fire, and that he was instrumental in securing the exemption of the son "James"
from the Militia. Actually, records are
very vague as to the military service of this James Alford during the Revolution,
although he is reported to have
received a Land Grant in Georgia for military service.
There is a record of a Lodowick Alford in Wake County, North Carolina, but
his birth and death is not consistent with
the New Kent County Lodowick, who seems to have died in Georgia in 1789. The
many Alfords of the same or near
the same name living in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and
other Southern States during the
Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries and whose genealogies are traced in a number
of well known books make it
superfluous for any one to attempt further research. This, I think, is particularly
true of Lodowick of New Kent County.
One record claims this Lodowick died in Franklin County, 1794. As indicated,
records of Lodowick's brothers, James
and Warren, are obscure.
Goodrich Alford: born New Kent County, Virginia about 1712 son of James and
brother of Lodowick, James, Warren
and Julius married Sarah. He and his wife had three children, Sarahborn
1733, Lucyborn 1737, and
Susanaborn 1739. Goodrich migrated with his brothers to North Carolina
and died in Edgecomb County in 1753. His
brother Lodowick administered his will on November 20, 1753. It is not known
whether Goodrich had any male heirs.
Julius Alford: born New Kent County, Virginia, September, 1717son of
James and brother of Lodowick, James,
Warren, and Goodrichmarried Lucy. He and his wife had seven children:
John, Isaac, Goodrich, Jacob (3), Job,
Polly and Sarah. So far as known, Julius migrated with his brothers to North
Carolina. He was in the North Carolina
Militia in 1754, but died before the revolution began. He received a Land Grant
in Granville County, North Carolina on
August 24 and again on August 4, 1761. The Will of this Julius Alford, filed
(records obscure, but believed to have
been) the 14th Day of July, 1763. (The will book indicates that this date may
have been 1771.)
A copy of this will is made a part of this genealogical history:
WILL BOOK A page 2011771
From Butte County Wills and Inventories, 17601800 Part 1, page 1 Julius
Received from Marie Greer, September 16, 1965.
In the Name of God Amen, the 14th day of July, 1763.
I, Julius Alford of St. John's Parish and in the County of Butte being very
sick and weak but of perfect mind and
memory thanks be given unto God for the same, and calling to mind the mortality
of my body and knowing that it is
appointed for all men once to die, do make and ordain this my last will and
testament, that is to say principally and first
of all give and recommend my soul unto the hands of God that gave it and my
body I recommend it to the earth to be
buried in a Christian like and decent manner at the discretion of my Executors
nothing doing but at the general
Resurrection I shall receive the same again by the mighty power of God, and,
as touching such Worldly Estate
wherewith it has pleased God to bless me in this life, I give, devise and dispose
of the same in manner and form
following, that is to say:
In the first place I give and bequeath to my dearly beloved wife LUCY one horse
bridle and saddle, one feather bed
and furniture to her and her heirs forever. Also I give to my well beloved son
JOHN ALFORD all my land and
plantation lying in the County of Butte and on the South side of Crooked Creek
and also the land on the North side of
the ? Creek above Ferrel's Road, with six cows and calves, six sows and pigs
and one breeding mare, to him and his
Also I give to my well beloved son ISAAC, the land and plantation lying on
the North side of Crooked below Ferrel's
Road to the mouth of Dirgh? Branch together with six cows and calves, six sows
and pigs and one breeding mare to
him and his heirs forever...
Then I give to well beloved son GOODRICH the land plantation whereon John ROW/ROSS?
now lives and if in case
the said John Ross should pay for said land according to his bargain that, that
money so arising to be for his own use
and benefit together with all the stock of hogs and cattle as the said John
Ross? has now in possession to him and his
Then I give to my well beloved son JACOB** the land and plantation whereon
I now live lying on both sides Tarr River
together with six cows and calves six sows and pigs and one Breading [sic]mare
to him and his heirs forever...
Then I give to my well beloved son JOB fifty pounds Virginia Money together
with six cows and calves, six sows and
pigs and one breading mare to him and his heirs forever...
Then I give to my well beloved daughter PATTY?? (POLLY)(the crossed T
could be a wrinkle in paper)one feather
bed and furniture and one breading mare to her and her heirs forever...
Then I give to my well beloved daughter SARAH one feather bed and furniture
and one Breading mare to her and her
And also my will and desire is that my whole Estate and land unto my well beloved
Wife LUCY, during her life or
widowhood and all the profits and benefits there arising to be said out in keeping
maintaining and schooling my children
and after her death my children, and if any of my afore mentioned children should
die without issue that their share
aforesaid legacy be equally divided between all my children, and I likewise
constitute make and ordain my dear
beloved Brother LODOWICK ALFORD and his son, JAMES ALFORD my only and sole executors
of this my last will
and testament, ratifying and conforming this and no other to be my last will
and Testament in witness whereof I have
hereunto set my hand and seal this day and year first above written.
signed, sealed and delivered
in presence of us:
JAMES ALFORD, Jurat
THOS T or L GAY Jurat
**9/16 "So anxious to get this onI haven't checkedbut sure
sounds good to me to be Jacob's fatherBoythis is
getting exciting **I'll bet they were Virginia. [Apparently this was a handwritten
note on the copy of the will that the
This will and lack of other records indicate that Julius lived a quiet life
with his family, taking little, if any, part in the
affairs of the Colonial State, although it is shown that he received Land Grants
and was a member of the Granville
County Militia. Due to age and general usage, the will is not clear as to the
time of death, but it is certain that Julius
died before the beginning of the Revolutionary War. His wife, Lucy, was alive
during the 1790 census, and is listed as
being a resident of the Halifax District of Franklin County, North Carolina
(formed from Butte County in 1779). There is
also a record of this will in Warren County (formed from Butte County in 1779).
It will be noted that the 1790 Census
Records of North Carolina lists Lucy Alford, Halifax District of Franklin County,
with a household of two males under
sixteen years of age and four females. Of course, these males under sixteen
could well have been grandchildren, as
Job, apparently her son, is listed as one male over 16 and six slaves. A will
filed in Warren County, North Carolina,
names the wife of a Lodowick Alford, as an heir to land bought from Job Alford.
Between 1700 and 1800, there are, so far as can be determined, record of three
Jacob Alfords, in Virginia, North
Carolina, Georgia and Mississippi. The first Jacob Alford, P.C. 386, enlisted
in Goochland County, Virginia, in 1777 as
a Private in Virginia Troups under Captain Hawkins, wounded at Battle of Brandywine.
He married Nancy Hunter in
1779, in Louisia County, Virginia and moved to Kentucky where he died in 1803.
This Jacob was a Revolutionary
Soldier, born in 1755 (could have been the son of the James Alford, Jr., of
New Kent County). His children were
Charles, John, Lucy, Peyton, Polly, Martha, William, Jesse and Stephen. (Note
resemblance of given names.) One
record does indicate that this Jacob's father was James Jr. The second Jacob
Alford, born New Kent County, Virginia,
December 12, 1738, son of Lodowick and Susana, migrated to North Carolina, with
his father and settled in what is
now Robeson County, where he received a Land Grant April 4, 1764. This Jacob
gained prominence in this section of
North Carolina, was a Revolutionary Soldier, and died in Robeson County, in
1794, leaving a will naming his wife Mary
(Pace) Alford and the following children:
Zionmarried Miss Tylerlived in Robeson County.
Warrenmarried Miss Littlelived in Robeson County.
Wileymarried Miss Drakemoved to Tennessee.
Jamesmarried Miss McTyermoved to Mississippi.
Eliasmarried Miss Hedgepathmoved to Marion County, South Carolina.
There could have possibly have been another Jacob Alford in the Virginia or
Maryland Region about the time of the
Revolutionary War, but research on this has been incomplete, and there is no
record of his migration to North Carolina
or the South.
It is clear that the first and second Jacob Alford raised families and died
in Kentucky and North Carolina, after migration
to these states. There is a record of a Jacob Alford in Georgia, probably son
of the "Revolutionary Soldier James"
referred to elsewhere in this report. However, this Jacob did not appear in
Georgia until 1812, and was reported a land
owner in Wilkes County, Georgia in 1820indications are that he died there.
With the exception of the land transaction between Lodowick and Job Alford
in the records of Warren County, there
appears no available information as to any of the children of Julius and Lucy
except that given in the Will of Julius.
Jacob Alford: (Third) son of Julius and Lucy Alford, born about 175570.
There are claims that this Jacob was born in
New Kent County, Virginia before his father's migration with Lodowick, William,
Jacob and Goodrich to North Carolina,
but records indicate that Julius was in the Granville County, North Carolina
Militia in 1754 before the estimated date of
Jacob's birth. It can, therefore, be presumed that Jacob, one of the younger
of Julius's children, was born in Butte
County (later Franklin County or Warren County), North Carolina.
In the Will of Julius Alford, particular attention is called to the following:
"Then I give to my well beloved son JACOB the
land and plantation whereon I now live lying on both sides Tarr River together
with six cows and calves six sows and
pigs and one breading mare to him and his heirs forever." Tarr River flows
through Franklin County. Therefore, the
lands conveyed in this will must have been located in Franklin County entirely.
Surely this Jacob was a younger if not
youngest of Julius and Lucy's children, and he was given the "plantation
whereon I now live".
Sometime between the filing of this will and 1790, Jacob disposed of this Franklin
County land, possibly by sale to his
brother Job, who lived there in 1790. There is a record in the Office of the
Clerk of Court, Cumberland County, North
Carolina as follows: "Land Deed Book 14, Page 402; Jan 1, 1791 60 acres
from Henry Stevenson to JACOB ALFORD,
both of Cumberland County, land was on N.E. side of the Cape Fear River."
(No other record of Alfords).
There are legends and records bearing out that this Jacob Alford married "Frankie
Seaborne". The date of Frankie's
birth has been given as about 1770, but not verified as fact. The place of her
birth or parental background has not been
verified, although much time and study has been given historical records on
this subject. She reportedly was born in
The research devoted to Jacob and Frankie discloses beyond a doubt that they
lived in the Fayetteville District of
Cumberland County, North Carolina at the time of the first Census (1790) of
North Carolina. Records are not clear, but
it is reported that they were married about 1786, place unknown, and that their
first childEdwin Barksdale
Alfordwas born to them in Cumberland County, North Carolina on November
22, 1792. This seems to be an error.
Edwin could not have been Jacob's eldest son as the 1790 North Carolina Census
shows two male children in his
home in Cumberland County, Fayetteville District, both under ten years of age.
Reportedly, Jacob and Frankie had
twelve children, eight sons and four daughters. Jacob died between 1820 [and
1830] and Frankie died in 1859.
Their first child must have been born about 1788, as they are reported to have
been married in 1786. The second child
must have been born about 1790 and the third, Edwin, in 1792. The son "Jacob"
who died early could have been the
first child, and Needham, whose name appears in the Georgia and Louisiana records,
must have been the second
NOTE from Gil Alford: The author apparently did not have information that has
since come to AAFA. In 1968 the late
Marie Greer of Sabine Parish, LA, prepared a paper which cited Bible and cemetery
records as a source. This paper
gives the birth of Jacob as August 15, 1761 and identifies an earlier wife,
Elizabeth Bryant, who was born June 20,
1765. All or most of the children enumerated in the 1790 census would have been
from this first marriage.
It is commonly reported that Jacob and Frankie left North Carolina shortly
after Edwin was born and migrated to
The tax records of Montgomery County, Georgia show a Jacob Alford paid taxes
on land in that county in 1795 and
intermittently until 1805, but not on the same parcel of land or the same number
of acres. Jacobs name disappears
from the Georgia land tax records of Montgomery County, Georgia in 1806. The
next record of Jacob and Frankie
Alford is connected with the birth of twin boysJohn Seaborne and Seaborne
Johnin Amite County, Mississippi
Vital statistics regarding Jacob and Frankie indicate:
Jacob Alfordborn to Julius and Lucy Alford in North Carolinabetween
1756 and 1763died in Mississippi or
Louisiana about 18201830married Frankie Seaborne about 1786 in North
Carolina. Frankie was born about 1770
and died in Louisiana in 1859.
Jacob, Jr., born about 1788. Died young.
Needham, born about 1790.
Edwin Barksdale, born Nov. 22, 1792. Died 3-10-1878. Married Martha Patsy
Nancy, born 1794. Married _____ Berryhill.
Lucille (Lucy), born about 1795. Married Wm. G. Means.
Mary (Polly), born about 1796. Married _____ Howell.
Julius Newton, born about 1798. Settled in Copiah County, Mississippi.
William, born about 1800. Married Evelyn Ginn.
John Seaborne, born 1807. Married Margaret Brumfield.
Seaborne John, born 1807. Married Mary Catherine Felder.
Martha, born 1809. Married _____ Stovall.
Joseph, born 1811.
These are unverified records based more upon what has been said rather than
what has actually been verified of
Jacob, after traveling from Georgia on a passport through "Indian Country"
(no record of such a passport has been
found, but he would have required one), finally settled near Dillons Bridge,
Pike County, Mississippi, (Bogue Chitto
River). Originally this was Marion County, MississippiAmite County was
later formed from the two counties.
Evidently, some adjustment of the line between Mississippi and Louisiana allocated
the land on which Jacob settled
and his home in Louisiana, as later records show Frankie as living in Louisiana
and also Jacobs sons.
NOTE from Gil Alford: There is some strong tradition about this shifting of
the line but the author was misinformed on
his early geography of that area. In 1800, shortly before Jacob moved to this
area, that part now known as Louisiana
belonged to Spain. The area in Mississippi just above this part of Louisiana
was split, with Indian Lands covering the
eastern half and Adams county the western half. By 1810, before which Jacob
arrived there, that area of Mississippi
was covered by Wilkinson county on the western quarter and Amite county on the
eastern three quarters. By 1820
Amite was cut into half with Pike county occupying the eastern half. Marion
County, established in 1811, was made
from parts of Amite, Wayne and Franklin counties. The official surveys or plots
of the land granted to Jacob show it to
be on and just below the "old line of demarcation" between Mississippi
and Spanish West Florida.
It has been reported that this Jacob was the son of James (son of Lodowick)
who was exempt from Revolutionary
service by the Assembly, but no proof could be found to establish this. It is
believed that the Jacob Alford in Georgia
after 1807 was the son of James. One of the children of Jacob and Frankie was
named Polly, a name used by Julius
and Lucy for one of their children.
Another report has it that Jacobs twin boys were named Seaborne John
and John Seaborne because they were born
at sea on the trip to Mississippi. This likewise is incorrect because the name
Seaborne was Frankies maiden name.
[See "Roxie Alford Pentons Family" in December 1990 issue of
AAFA ACTION, p. 29, for more information on this
Edwin Barksdale Alford: son of Jacob and Frankie, was born in Cumberland County,
North Carolina, November 25,
1792 and died in Mississippi, March 10, 1878.
He married Martha Smithborn in South Carolina, March 25, 1802 and died
in Mississippi, August 8, 1861. Edwin
served as a soldier in the War of 1812 and was in combat for one day at the
Battle of New Orleans. He served less
than 90 days in all and therefore was not eligible for a pension.
Vital statistics regarding Edwin Barksdale and Martha Smith Alford show the
Warren Jackson, born September 13, 1819; died November 12, 1899. Married Celia
Ann Lewis on June 8, 1841.
She was born November 6, 1822 and died January 30, 1900.
Cynthia, born December 11, 1820. Married Jessie Ball.
Ira Payne, born June 22, 1822. Married Betsy Hope.
William Harrison, born August 3, 1823. (Migrated to Texas, no further record).
Jane, born March 22, 1825. Married Tyre Tynes.
Lacy, born September 24, ____. Married James M. Ball.
Dr. Jeptha, born August 2, 1830. Married Fannie Roberts.
Julian, born 1832; died young.
Dr. Seaborne, born August 8-15, 1834. Married Annease Ball.
Elijah Hayden, born 1836; died young.
Julius Newton, born November 14, 1839. Married Mary Brumfield.
Martha, born August 8, 1846. Married Alexander Brumfield.
Julia, born August 30, 1856. Married J.R. McElveen.
No attempt has been made to retrace family members not in direct line of descent
of the writer, whose Grandfather
was the eldest of Edwins children.
Warren Jackson Alford: was born September 13, 1819 in Mississippi. He died
November 12, 1899. On June 8, 1841,
he married Celia Ann Lewis, born November 6, 1822. Celia was a granddaughter
of Benjamin Lewis, born 1763-64,
who served in the American Revolution. Several of his descendants are members
of the D.A.R. and S.A.R.
Vital statistics indicate the following children born to Warren and Celia Alford:
Martha Alford. Married Jessie Bullock.
Lydia Alford. Married Wesley Faust.
Mary (Polly) Alford. Married Howell Fortinberry.
Laura Alford. Married Ivan Fortinberry.
Jeptha Alford. Married Samantha Fortinberry.
Julius C. Alford. Married Sarah Fortinberry.
Jesse Alford. Married (1) Philone Carson and (2) Mary Parker Painter.
Needham Alford. Married (1) Brumfield and (2) Burris.
Cynthia Alford. Married Pearson Welsh.
Julius C. Alford: son of Warren, was born in Louisiana on January 18, 1855.
He married Sarah I. Fortenberry [sic],
born April 14, 1859. They homesteaded 640 acres of land in Pike County, Mississippi.
He and his wife cleared the land
by degrees, built a small house adding to it as the family grew. At this time,
Typhoid Fever was rampant and the
number one killer in rural sections of the state. Three of their children died
of this disease before the age of 10, two of
them in one week. Vital statistics indicate the following children born to this
couplea total of 12:
Ada Bell, born September 13, 1880. Married Iddo W. Ball.
Annie Lou, born February 26, 1882. Died young (Typhoid Fever).
Cora Blanch, born August 28, 1884. Died young (Typhoid Fever).
Luvernia, born April 4, 1886. Died young (Typhoid Fever).
Fannie Jane, born January 1, 1888. Married John Burris.
Elmer C., born March 19, 1890. Married Willie Belle Hall.
Holis Victor, born October 18, 1891. Married Ethel McMillan.
Dewitt Talmage born September 18, 1893. Never married.
Losia Irene, born June 18, 1895. Married (1) W. Roy Simmons and (2) Glenn
Hugh Edwin, born July 31, 1897. Married Elsie Bissig.
Baby (unnamed), born October 13, 1899. Died in infancy.
Floyd M., born April 11, 1903. Died young. ["May 1919" is handwritten
This family suffered all the hardships and poverty of farm life at that time
and all work was done without any modern
conveniences. Colored descendants of slaves of Edwin Alford remained with Julius
and his wife and aided in the
establishment of the homestead.
At present all members of the family are dead, except Losia Irene and Hugh
Edwin, the writer of this family history.
Hugh Edwin Alford: I was the tenth of the twelve children born to Julius and
Sarah Alford. I gained my early christian
training from my parents who lived christian lives. My mother was a devoted
christian and was strict in her attitude
towards all the children in the family, while my father was more lenient and
was contented to leave the rearing of the
children to his wifehe only scolding at times at her insistence.
Upon my mothers death a very dear Nephew, George Howard Alford, wrote
the following article in Memory of my
"Aunt Sarah" (Fortenberry) Alford, one of the truest and gentlest
mothers I have ever known, entered upon the
immortal life beyond the reach of disease, suffering or death at 8 oclock,
A.M., January 29, 1938. She lived in the
Progress Community all her life - nearly seventy-nine years. She was a Charter
Member of the Progress Baptist
Hundreds of relatives and friends gathered together to pay last tribute of
respect to her memory. Floral decorations of
beauty and profusion were placed on and around her casket.
She was laid to rest in the Silver Springs Cemetery by the side of her beloved
husband, Julius Alford, who departed
this life for his home in Heaven nine months ago.
As I listened to the eloquent words of her Pastor, Rev. F.W. Gunn, and those
of Rev. Frank Hutson and Rev. H.B.
Kinlaw, as they spoke of her pure life, and high character, the thought came
to me that no person could have been
associated with her without having a higher and better opinion of human nature
and that in the life beyond the grave the
ruler of us all would do most for those who had done most for their associates
She was a real homemaker. Here she shone in her fairest light.. It was in her
dear home, with her beloved husband,
and children that she found true and sweet rest. With her refined and gentle
spirit, is it surprising to know with what
devotion she was beloved by her noble husband, her children and all those who
were connected with her by near and
dear ties. The happiness she enjoyed in these tender relations shone in her
face with a luster begotten only of the
most genuine and deepest and most sacred feelings of the human heart.
She stood high upon the mountains, far above and far removed from all that
was base, all that was low and all that was
impure. She thought no evil, she spoke no slander, and repeated none spoken
by others. She neither assumed nor
pretended superior virtues, and never in word or manner sought to exalt herself
by calling attention to the faults of
others. It cost her no effort to be a gentlewomanconstituted as she was
it was impossible for her to be anything else.
"Not lost but gone before." Such is the Christian and Beautiful Faith
of man of all ages and lands. We feel sad because
she is lost to us; but while we weep she is wrapped in garments of light, and
singing songs of celestial joy. She will
return to us no more; but we may all meet her in Heaven.
CONCLUSION: A more complete list of the Alfords and their descendants in the
areas covered has not been compiled
due to the time element required and the health of the writer. His own lineage
has been followed as direct as possible.
However, there are numerous descendants of Jacob and Frankie Alford in Mississippi,
Louisiana and Texas. In fact
this research indicates that the majority of the Alfords living in Delaware,
Maryland, District of Columbia, Virginia, West
Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia,
Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana,
Texas and Arkansas, are descendants of the Alfords who came from England in
the Sixteen and Seventeen Hundreds
to Virginia and North Carolina. Many of them had their American origin in Saint
Peters Parish, New Kent County,
Virginia and are descendants of James Alford, Sr., son of either John or Williambelieved
(based upon facts
developed) to have been William, who either migrated direct from England or
was a descendant of Richard Alford, who
came over with Roger Smith Expedition, 1620-21. Both John and William died in
1709 in New Kent County according
to Saint Peters Parish records.
[If you would like to have a complete copy of Hugh Alfords 28-page
manuscript, send $3.00 to AAFA Librarian Nancy Dietrich.]